The basics of electrical muscle stimulation at a glance
How does EMS training work?
EMS is in vogue, but what exactly is it?
Many people who want to get fit are now turning to EMS training. They visit a special EMS studio in their city or buy a mobile EMS suit. You may be wondering now: What is EMS actually? What happens in the body during the workout? And does it really help? We'll answer all your questions. And first of all: Yes, EMS works! But that doesn't mean that you can lie down on the sofa and the EMS equipment will do all the work for you.
The beginnings of electric muscle stimulation
EMS is not as new as you might think.
The origins go back a good 200 years! As early as the beginning of the 19th century, scientists were curious about what happens when they electrify muscle areas locally. It was during this time that the foundations of later electrotherapy were laid. Athletes have been using electrical muscle stimulation to improve performance since the 1950s. In the 1970s, it found its way into competitive sport - the first publication on the subject appeared in 1974. Sports scientists have been researching how EMS can improve training success for over 50 years. The first full-body EMS devices came onto the market in 2003. Today, almost anyone can train with EMS in the gym or at home with their own Antelope suit.
With the launch of Antelope Evolution in 2023, we have once again raised the bar for EMS training in sports, at home, strength building and regeneration. Comfortable high-tech suits with variable and simple operation that is really fun. EMS is now available to (almost) everyone and we look forward to the developments to come.
What are the benefits of EMS training? A lot, if you do it right!
Does EMS really help to achieve training goals? Various studies prove that this training method successful, for example in popular and competitive sports. The big advantage of EMS: Whether you are doing HIIT or running, climbing or practicing yoga - with the Antelope suit you always have an effective full-body workout. Depending on which product you train with, the silicone electrodes in your textile stimulate your arms, abdomen, back, buttocks and legs up to the calves at the same time. This makes your workout extra efficient - and your own weight is completely sufficient.
Interview with Dr Lutz Graumann about EMS
Overview of important EMS terms
Find out what the most important EMS terms mean
Pulse duration (pulse width)
Muscle groups used
What is creatine kinase and what does it have to do with EMS?
Muscles need energy, especially when they are under heavy strain. In order for the body to provide this energy, it releases the enzyme creatine kinase. This increases the so-called CK value in the blood. Anyone who abuses extremely intensive EMS stimulation runs the risk of this value soaring to critical levels. This can lead to so-called rhabdomyolysis. In this diagnosis, the muscle fibers break down due to the previous damage and enter the bloodstream, including the large protein myoglobin. If the protein migrates into the kidneys, they can become blocked and there is a risk of kidney failure, among other things.
This is how you recognise rhabdomyolysis:
- Your urine is brown in colour.
- Your muscles are very sore.
- Your muscles are extremely swollen.
If you recognize any signs, please see a doctor or the nearest hospital immediately and get help promptly. In order to get rhabdomyolysis, you have to be grossly negligent and deliberately abusive. So if you stick to our training recommendations, which have been tried and tested over many years, you are on the right track.
Find out what you should bear in mind during EMS training:
When am I not allowed to train?
In case of absolute contraindications, EMS full-body training must not be performed
- In the case of implanted electrical devices (such as pacemakers).
- In the presence of metal implants.For insulin pump users.
- In case of fever.
- In case of known or acute cardiac arrhythmias and other excitation and conduction disorders of the heart.
- In case of neuronal diseases, seizure disorders (e.g. epilepsy) and severe sensitivity disorders.
- In case of an existing pregnancy.In case of existing cancer or tumor diseases.
- After recent operations, especially if increased muscle contractions could interfere with the healing process.
- In the event of simultaneous connection to a high-frequency surgical unit.
- In case of a simultaneous connection and/or simultaneous use of other electrical devices that may have an influence on the current supply or the musculature.
- In case of acute or chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
- In case of acute muscle pain, muscle soreness or muscle cramps.
- In acute diseases, bacterial infections and inflammatory processes.
- In diabetes mellitus type 1.
- In arteriosclerosis and arterial circulatory disorders.
- On acutely or chronically diseased (injured or inflamed) skin (e.g. painful and painless inflammations, redness, rashes (e.g. allergies), burns, bruises, swellings, open wounds as well as healing wounds, surgical scars in the process of healing).
- In case of stents and bypasses active for less than 6 months.
- In case of untreated hypertension, bleeding disorder or bleeding tendency (hemophilia).
- In abdominal wall and inguinal hernias.
- In case of acute influence of alcohol, drugs or intoxicants.
- In persons under 18 years of age
In case of relative contraindications, EMS full-body training may only be performed after written medical clearance or self-declaration.
- In case of acute back pain without diagnoses.
- In case of acute neuralgia and herniated discs.
- In case of implants older than 6 months.
- In diseases of internal organs, especially in kidney diseases.In cardiovascular diseases.
- In case of tendency to thromboembolic diseaes.
- In chronic pain conditions that have not been clarified regardless of the body region.
- In all sensitivity disorders with reduced pain sensation (such as metabolic disorders).
- In case of medical complaints occuring with the stimulation treatment.
- In case of persistent skin irritation due to long-term stimulation at the same electrode site.
- In case of a tendency to bleed due to injury.In case of motion kinetosis.
- In case of major fluid accumulation in the body and edema.
- When taking certain medications.
- In case of open skin injuries, wounds, eczema or burns